Tell Texas Senators to Support Asset Forfeiture Reform!
Ask Senators Cornyn and Cruz to stop govt property grab!
Did you know that your property can be seized on the suspicion that it is somehow involved in a crime, even if you are never convicted or charged with an illegal activity? Civil asset forfeiture allows law enforcement to strip you of your home, business, money, vehicle or any possessions of worth before you’ve had your day in court.
Through equitable sharing, a forfeiture practice that was trimmed by Obama attorney general Eric Holder and reinstated by Jeff Sessions, the federal government shares proceeds from asset forfeiture with local authorities. Without due process, and often without even a criminal charge, property is seized, doled out, and in most cases, never retrieved.
Bi-partisan support from the US House of Reps to curb asset forfeiture
The US House of Reps voted unanimously on a bill to de-fund this federal asset forfeiture program, and curb the seizure of property from Americans who haven’t been convicted of a crime. In Texas, a bi-partisan coalition pressed for similar legislation in 2017, and is acting in this opportune moment while federal asset forfeiture is foregrounded at the nation’s capitol to demand that our senators back this bill.
The following organizations support this proposal: Texas Public Policy Foundation, Empower Texans, Texas Criminal Justice Coalition, ACLU of Texas, the Institute for Justice, Texans for Accountable Government, and Just Liberty.
In short: Curtail equitable sharing that rewards property seizure ahead of criminal convictions!
When local authorities are no longer incentivized by the federal government to seize assets, we prioritize the protection of property rights along with personal rights and:
– return forfeiture to its original purpose: targeting kingpins;
– ensure the law targets criminals, not average people;
– reduce wasted court time on small, questionable forfeiture cases;
– eliminate perception of profit motive driving law enforcement actions.
Unfairly places onus on property owner, not government
When the government seizes your property under civil forfeiture laws, the onus is on you (technically, your stuff) to prove it has not been part of a nexus of criminal activity. And you must do so before the government must prove anything. The onus is on the property owner, not the government, to dispute that “nexus” before the government has been required to prove anything, much less that a crime had been committed. This leaves open ample room for abuse when police or prosecutors are motivated by revenue more than justice.
Having assets seized can cause real short-term hardship, even when the property owner gets their stuff back. But often, the cost of hiring an attorney to contest the seizure is greater than the value of the goods or cash, in which case the government wins by “default judgment,” meaning they take ownership of the items without being formally contested.
Examples of abuse
The Texas Criminal Justice Coalition released a report in 2016 after reviewing asset forfeiture in Travis County. A man was arrested at a traffic stop after selling a car in cash on Craig’s list, and officers took thousands of dollars. He got his money back a year later after the government failed to prove any charge against him, but he had to hire a lawyer and fight.
When Eh Wah, a manager of a touring Christian rock band, was pulled over in Oklahoma for a broken tail light, the $53,000 that he had collected on his band’s tour to benefit an orphanage was seized under suspicion of drug trafficking. After an expensive court battle, Eh Wah was able to recover the money for the orphanage.
In Teneha, TX, 200 motorists were pulled over between 2006 and 2008 and 147 of them had their property seized without being charged with a crime. In 24 months, Tehana police seized a jolting $3 million in cash, cars, jewelry, and cell phones.
We can end the unhinged mining for property by demanding the federal government to step back from and condemn this practice.
Abrogation of constitutional rights
The Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution holds that, “nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.” Modern asset forfeiture laws fly in the face of that prohibition, seizing property without regard to whether the owner was really engaged in criminal activity. If the government wants to seize citizens’ property because of alleged criminal activity, they should have to prove the charges just like they would if they wanted to restrict their liberty through incarceration. Indeed, seizing their property without sufficient due process IS a restriction on liberty.
Profit motive driving asset forfeiture mission creep
The scope of asset forfeiture has gotten way out of hand. In 2014, for the first time, the amount of money seized by the government in civil forfeiture proceedings exceeded the amount stolen by burglars. Such a massive amount of money causes cash-strapped local government to skew law enforcement priorities, hoping to cash in on an asset-forfeiture bonanza. When emboldened by equitable sharing programs with the federal government, the abuse is validated and voracious. Consequently, this laser focus on profits pivots police from their focus on crime.
Putting profits over public safety when it comes to policing priorities harms the public, since forfeitures don’t typically occur in cases with victims. (Drug sales are consensual transactions and often involve the sought-after reward of cash.) Perhaps it would improve matters if forfeiture money went to schools or the general county fund instead of the agencies which seize it, but right now there’s a direct profit motive which encourages agencies to take ever-smaller, more questionable cases.
Our senators can stop asset-forfeiture abuses in their tracks by backing the bill that passed through the house. That would instill greater confidence that law enforcement’s motives are pure when they take people’s property and make the process more fair and just for everyone.